MSSQLCity.Com - All about MS SQL
     
About Us  
SSWUG Articles  
Articles  
FAQ  
Scripts  
Tips  
Application  
Backup/Restore  
Bulk Copy  
Cursors  
DTS  
Indexes  
File/Filegroups  
Full-Text  
Server settings  
Db settings  
WinNT tips  
Tables design  
T-SQL  
Miscellaneous  
Replication  
Stored proc  
SQL 2000  
SQL 6.5  
OLAP  
Test Exams  
Advertise  
Download  
History  
Search  
Traffic  
Related Links  
     
Your button logo
Add to Favorites
 
     
 

Bulk Copy Optimization Tips

    *****

  • Use nonlogged bulk copy whenever possible.
    The nonlogged bulk copy is much faster than logged one, but to use it you must provide all the following conditions:
    1. The database option 'select into/bulkcopy' is set to true.
    2. The target table is not being replicated.
    3. The TABLOCK hint is specified.
    4. The target table has no indexes, or if the table has indexes, it is empty when the bulk copy starts.


  • *****

  • Use native mode bulk copy whenever possible.
    This can improve performance in comparison with the character mode.


  • *****

  • Try to use BULK INSERT command instead of bcp or DTS to load data into SQL Server.
    The BULK INSERT command is much faster than bcp or the data pump to perform text file import operations, however, the BULK INSERT statement cannot bulk copy data from SQL Server to a data file.


  • *****

  • Use the bcp utility instead of DTS when you need to export data from the SQL Server table into a text file.
    The bcp utility is much faster than DTS, so try to use it whenever possible.


  • *****

  • Specify the number of the first and the last row to bulk copy, if you need to bulk copy not all the rows from the specified data file.
    This can results in good performance benefits, because the total amount of data copied will be less.


  • *****

  • Specify the number of rows per batch of data copied, if the transaction log was filled before the bulk copy is complete.
    Because each batch is copied to the server as one transaction, SQL Server commits or rolls back the transaction for every batch. When you bulk copy large data files, the transaction log can be filled before the bulk copy is complete. In this case, enlarge the transaction log, allow it to grow automatically or specify the number of rows per batch of data copied.


  • *****

  • Try to increase the packet_size option.
    The packet_size option specifies the number of bytes, per network packet, sent to and from the server. The packet_size can be from 4096 to 65535 bytes with the default of 4096. Increased packet size can enhance performance of bulk copy operations. Try to set the packet_size option to 8192 bytes and continue monitoring.


  • *****

  • Use the ORDER hint, if the clustered index exists on the table and the data file is sorted according to the clustered index.
    This can significantly improve performance of the bulk copy operation, because SQL Server will load data in the clustered index order without any reorders operations.


  • *****

  • If you create a new table and bulk copy data into it, try to bulk load data first and only after that create any indexes.
    This can significantly improve performance of the bulk copy operation, because data will be loaded into SQL Server table without any index pages creation during the bulk copy.


  • *****

  • If you load data into an empty table with the existing nonclustered indexes, try to drop the nonclustered indexes, bulk load data and only after that re-create the nonclustered indexes.
    This can significantly improve performance of the bulk copy operation, because data will be loaded into SQL Server table without any index pages creation during the bulk copy.


  • *****

  • If you load data into a nonempty table with the existing clustered and/or nonclustered indexes, and the amount of data added is large, it can be faster to drop all indexes on the table, perform the bulk copy operation, and then re-create the indexes after the data is loaded.
    Check the time needed to load data with dropping/re-creating indexes and without dropping/re-creating indexes on your test server before run bulk copy operation on the production server.


  • *****

  • If your SQL Server box has multiple CPUs, try to divide loaded data into two or more sources and run multiple instances of BCP on separate clients to load data in parallel.
    Because SQL Server allows data to be bulk copied into a single table from multiple clients in parallel using the bcp utility or BULK INSERT statement, try to use parallel data loads whenever possible. To bulk copy data into SQL Server in parallel, you must provide all the following conditions:
    1. The database option 'select into/bulkcopy' is set to true.
    2. The TABLOCK hint is specified.
    3. The target table does not have any indexes.


  • *****

  • Specify the TABLOCK hint, if you bulk copy data into an empty table from a single client.
    This can improve performance of the bulk copy operation, because this causes a table-level lock to be taken for the duration of the bulk copy operation.


  • *****

  • Try to avoid using CHECK_CONSTRAINTS and FIRE_TRIGGERS hints.
    Using these hints can significantly degrade performance of the bulk copy operation, because for each row loaded the constraints and insert triggers defined on the destination table will be executed.


  • *****

 

 
Visit The SQL Server Worldwide User's Group for all the latest news and information about SQL Server, Oracle, DB2 and XML for developers and administrators.

(c) 1997, 2010 Bits on the Wire, Inc